A landscape, as it is generally perceived, is a field with a natural character and is a result of actions and interactions of human-related elements.
A landscape is important but it differs from a scene because it constructs connections between history and the present; culture and the nature.
A landscape includes all topographical, natural and cultural data within a sight when looked at from a certain point of view. It contains all the visible properties of an area.
Landscapes provide an ambience for our lives. They provide our needs and some aspects of our natural requirements. –wild life, for instance. Our activities can shape and affect the functions and views and these activities can differ widely. A landscape is the harmony between the structure and the land in the rightest way –as free and natural as possible. And a landscape is the projection of an existing intersection of nature. It is also a natural contribution to our lives.
It is the planning that includes conservation, restoration, renewing, repair, and management and application of projects in forming open and green areas in accordance with public interest and environmental considerations.
Landscape planning renders this function by observing protection of habitats as defined by natural & cultural processes and resources, and on the basis of an approach to solve or prevent present or possible environmental problems in urban, rustic, industrial, touristic, and other similar uses.
After analysis made by landscape planning section, landscape development strategies are created at meetings attended by relevant people. These strategies are then transferred to landscape plans and their transfer to environment arrangement plans is also ensured.
Field usage planning and devices
Landscape and environment planning development
Data resources for landscape planning
Planning theory and techniques
Visual resource analysis
Geographical Informational System (GIS) and photography interpretation
Ecological risk analysis
Landscape planning stages;
1) Landscape Inventory
2) Landscape Analysis/(Natural-Cultural and Visual Landscape Analysis)
3) Ecological Classification- Landscape Classes/Natural Vegetation Potential and Factors such as Relationships among Climate, Soil Condition, Morphologic and Geologic Structure, and Water (Micro-Climatic Areas, Aspects, Morphologic Structure)
4) Landscape Diagnosis/ relationships between natural landscape elements and area usage
5) Planning/Transferring to the plan the principles determined during the stages of landscape analysis, ecological classification, and landscape diagnosis.